Eye Exam – A Necessity For Your Eyesight

One of the most important medical tests that you undergo in your life is your annual eye exam. Regular eye exams help keep your eyes healthy, but sometimes they also identify early warning signs of various health conditions.

During an eye exam, either an ophthalmologist or optometrist (optician) can check your:

o Vision Healthiness: this refers to your ability to recognize and read everything that is printed on a white sheet of paper, your menu, or the phone book. Most people are not as skillful at recognizing print on blackboards and over computer screens as they are at seeing things clearly in their natural color. Poor visual acuity (decrease in contrast and brightness) is often an early sign of many health problems, including eye problems and vision loss. Vision Healthiness is also associated with the ability to have a conversation, even if it is just to make small talk about daily events. If your eyes are not able to focus well, then you may struggle when you try to read print materials or do simple tasks such as applying makeup.

o Blood Tests: certain diseases or conditions may affect the way your eye works. Some conditions affect the nerves or brain that controls the flow of blood through your eye, causing abnormal pressure. An eye exam can alert you to any problems that might need treatment. Eye infections and glaucoma both affect the blood flow through the blood vessels of the eye. High blood pressure causes damage to the blood vessels, often resulting in vision loss. The eye doctor may perform an eye examination to check for these conditions and other possible problems that your eye may be having.

Family History

eye exams are important for identifying any risks factors that your eye doctor can look at to help you avoid getting vision problems, especially if you have a family history of eye problems. Every year, your eye doctor performs a complete family medical history review to identify any common risk factors. Some eye doctors will conduct an exam yearly or semi-annually to identify common risk factors. Other eye doctors will review your family history periodically to identify new risks or to find ways to prevent vision problems from developing. When you visit an eye doctor, he/she will ask you about your family history and perform an exam to get an idea of what your family has in common.

o Symptoms: there are some common symptoms that indicate eye problems, such as redness, warmth, pain, itching or stinging. These symptoms may indicate that there is damage to your retina or choroid. Some of these symptoms, such as redness or warmth, may be more common than others. Signs of potential eye damage include: changes in vision; double vision; decreased peripheral vision; decreased visual acuity; and blurred or double vision. If you experience one or more of these symptoms for longer than 2 weeks, make an appointment with an eye doctor to determine if you may need to have an eye exam. Early signs of disease often times do not get detected unless they are present on a routine yearly eye exam.


If you are sexually active or have multiple partners, it is imperative that you have an eye exam each year to detect signs of diseases. Visit your optometrist and get annual eye exams to detect and treat diseases of the eye.

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