The Uses of Photosynthesis and Nonrenewable Resources
World energy resources are simply the maximum potential for energy production currently available on the Earth. They can also be categorized into non-renewable and renewable energy. Non-renewable energy sources include oil, natural gas, and coal while renewable energy sources are readily available such as solar, geothermal, wind and hydroelectricity. Non-renewable resources have a shorter period of practical use while renewable resources like coal and oil have a longer period of practical use.
The two major categories of world energy resources
are geologic and fossil. Geologic resources are those that are found on the earth’s surface such as coal, oil, and gas. They are generally found in large quantities and are easy to extract. Fossil fuels are those that are found deep beneath the surface in the earth’s core. They are harder to extract than geologic sources and usually require expensive technologies.
There are three types of geologic energy resources.
These are petroleum, coal, and peat. Petroleum is the easiest of these to extract because it is buried in the ground. Coal and peat require technological know-how and high temperatures which only a few companies around the world have been able to master.
The three types of renewable energy resources
include wind, hydroelectricity, and solar power. Renewable energy resources include the power of the oceans, radiation from the sun, and plant life. Solar power technology is one of the oldest and the most reliable. It can generate power without polluting the environment. Hydroelectricity utilizes the natural flow of water to create an electric current; the amount of electricity generated depends on how much water is used.
Photosynthesis is a process that transforms carbon dioxide
in plants into glucose, the main source of fuel for all plants. Carbon dioxide is one of the main greenhouse gases causing global warming. The best source of renewable resources for photosynthesis is sunlight. Carbon dioxide absorption by the plants in the soil combines with the light from the sun to create glucose, the energy source used in aerobic respiration. The plants absorb this glucose and the rest is produced by the animals in the form of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
The Earth’s non-renewable resources
include the water on which we survive. Aquifers under the surface and water in lakes and rivers are not replenished regularly. These non-renewable energy resources should be seen as a long-term investment. With research and development, we can use these photosynthesis processes to produce much more than we need for our daily consumption. This will reduce our dependence on non-renewable resources and allow us to become more self-sufficient.